The spinning wheel or the Charkha, once used by Mahatma Gandhi had an even bigger responsibility behind it. It was once said by Mahatma Gandhi that if there is charkha there would be no one in poverty. The talent of using a charkha is instilled in Indians. The charkha used to be a great supplement of agriculture or a great activity to drive away loneliness.
The charkha was most importantly, an empowerment for women, especially in Kutch. Our team had an interview with one of the NGOs working for these women and starting projects.
Hand-spinning as empowerment women in Kutch:-
The ancient tradition of hand-spinning in Kutch was entered through the Rabari women. The art of hand-spinning was a great beneficiary as the women were told to stay indoors and this art made them entrepreneurs of a cottage industry. It was also observed that the widow, who was exempted from society, could revive her livelihood through it.
The hand-spun yarn is used for making Indian products made from Khadi, specifically. However, for some time it has been experienced that this tradition is gradually decreasing, specifically practiced by women of Kutch.
The reason for getting early income or job for young women in Kutch:-
It was stated by the NGO, that the women of Kutch are traditionally skilled in hand-spinning but required a lot of practice to get a hold of the skill. The young women usually seek for early earnings and don’t want to spend the time practicing the skill for a long time and then getting a hold of it.
Some socio cultural boundaries for Kutch hand spinning women:-
Kutch, known for one of the best contributors of cotton, has its specialty in the indigenous cotton because of the favorable climatic conditions. It was observed that the women are not allowed to venture out of the range of 1 Km from their house. They tend to live indoors and face difficulty in starting their own cottage industry.
The issue of Gender commute gap faced by Hand-spinning women:-
It has been reported in Kutch there are only some women who are old, continuing the art. These women are old and not able to commute to urban cities and due to textiles the demand has already decreased for hand-spun and hand woven cloth. The hand-spun women now only manufacture products on more quantity demand.
The meaning behind the gender commute gap is that for a longer distance, women are more likely to leave their job than men. The women in Kutch are not allowed for selling their hand-spun products, for travelling till urban areas.