Rabindranath Tagore on his 159th birth anniversary makes us recall his invaluable works in Indian literature. He was a great patriot, poet, painter and an inexplicable philosopher. The contributions of Rabindranath Tagore have been cherished and a pride as the national anthem that draws chills and patriotism has been written by him.
It has been noted that true inspiration from a legendary personality comes from knowing their lives. It brings about the same inspiration while seeing the life of Rabindranath Tagore. He was born in Calcutta in 1861 to Debendranath Tagore who was himself a religious reformer. Tagore began writing at a very early age and left his studies in England complete to return to India. No sooner he returned than he published his poetry books which were great works of literature, some introducing new forms for traditional Bengali literature.
Later on, he continued his life managing family estates in East Bengal in Shahzadpur and Shilaidaha for a period of 10 years. The inspiration in his works as a sympathy for poor people and for people in villages comes from there only. It was because he stayed in a houseboat on the river Padma, making close contact with the people in the village. This was the inspiration behind his sharp and true interpretation of their lives in his best short stories. This time period too made him produce a variety of inspiring poems and songs.
Tagore in 1901, found an experimental school in rural parts of West Bengal situated in Shantiniketan which was aimed to have a perfect blend and mixture of traditional as well as Western studies. It gained success which made him settle and continue permanently, the school which later came to be known as Visva-Bharati University. The clouds of sadness surrounded him in the period from 1902 to 1907 as he witnessed the loss of his two children and wife.
The period of 1912 also brought about a long period witnessing his lecturing and reading and came forward as a great spokesperson. Rabindranath Thakur (his Bengali name) died in 1941 on August 7 in Calcutta.
Political works for India:-
Rabindranath Tagore had an active participation in Politics and he opposed imperialism of unjust rule of Britishers. Most of his inspiring works could be seen in his works of Manast, which carried works which invoked patriotism. He had written a number of patriotic songs like “Chitto Jetha Bhayshunyo” and “Ekla Chalo Re” which had created a greater appreciation for patriots.
The works by Tagore were liked by Mahatma Gandhi also. He had written the awe-inspiring national anthem which whenever sung creates a national patriotic emotion. Tagore in accordance with the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre renounced his knighthood which was given him as a title from the British Government for his works.
Works and recognitions:-
Rabindranath Tagore was a painter, playwright, song composer, short story writer and a Bengal Poet. He had written several works of literature, and several had gained a lot of respect for his work. His early work Manasi, Sonar Tari, Chitrangada consisted of his best known poems which added various changes in the way Bengali Literature is presented. He had written several poems and songs but those were some that could not be translated. This is the reason the true hold of Tagore was known to Bengal itself. Many of his short stories were taken as an inspiration by Satyajit Ray in his films.
His work Gitanjali was based on the grief of him losing his family. Rabindranath Tagore earned the respect of becoming the first non- European to earn a Nobel Prize in Literature. His two patriotic songs were chosen for Indian and Bangladesh national anthem as well as the national was inspired by his work.